2019-07-08 - Bulletin

Barłomiej Znojek

The Significance of the U.S. in Brazilian Government Policy

The government of Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has brought changes to the country’s foreign policy since taking power in January. The most important was prioritising relations with the United States, seen by the current government as an essential partner for Brazil’s economic development and strengthening its international position. The Brazilian authorities are motivated mainly by a conviction of ideological proximity with Donald Trump’s administration, so a continued pro-U.S. direction in Brazilian policy is not certain. This approach will also be challenged by Brazil’s relations with other close partners, especially China.

2019-07-05 - Bulletin

Sebastian Płóciennik

Christine Lagarde Nominated as Next ECB President

With Christine Lagarde set to become its next president, the European Central Bank (ECB) gets a leader with indisputable international authority and political experience, but rather distant from the hermetic group of experts on monetary policy. This will increase the likelihood that the expansive monetary policy initiated by Mario Draghi will continue: a perspective that will be beneficial mainly for France and the countries of Southern Europe.

2019-07-04 - Bulletin

Marcin Przychodniak

The Significance of International Organisations in China's Policy

China treats its involvement in international organisations as pragmatic support for its economic growth and foreign policy, as well as a tool for the modification of the world order. It has increased its financial input and activity in the UN and other such forums and tries to revive less-visible institutions or initiate new ones. China also effectively promotes its own candidates to leadership positions in international organisations. The current U.S. approach to multilateral diplomacy has helped China promote its initiatives. The Union should be judicious in its support of these initiatives, analysing each with a view to maintaining EU standards.

2019-07-03 - Comment

Melchior Szczepanik

European Council Selects Candidates for Top EU Positions

After several days of negotiations, the heads of state and government of the EU Member States decided on 2 July to nominate Ursula von der Leyen, a Christian Democrat and long-standing minister in the German government, for president of the European Commission (EC). The states’ leaders agreed a larger package deal and decided that Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel will become European Council president, Spanish Foreign Minister Josep Borrell will assume the position of High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy while Frenchwoman Christine Lagarde will head the European Central Bank.

2019-07-03 - Comment

Bartłomiej Znojek

The EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement

On 28 June, representatives of the EU and Mercosur (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay) concluded an agreement to establish a bi-regional free trade area. The deal strengthens the EU’s status as a promoter of free trade and may help the bloc compete more effectively in Latin America, especially with China. For Poland, the accord may bring new opportunities for developing economic cooperation, particularly with Argentina and Brazil, but it has raised concerns from the domestic agricultural industry.