2019-08-30 - Comment

Anna Maria Dyner

U.S. National Security Advisor Bolton's visit to Minsk

On 29 August, National Security Advisor of the United States John Bolton visited Minsk. He is the highest-ranking representative of the American authorities to come to Belarus in 25 years. He met with President Alexander Lukashenka and Foreign Minister Uladzimir Makei. Bolton’s visit shows the growing role of Belarus in the U.S. policy towards Eastern Europe.


2019-08-29 - Bulletin

Sebastian Płóciennik

The German Economy in Downturn: Effect on Poland and the EU

The recent economic slump in Germany is mainly caused by weaker global growth and uncertainty from trade conflicts. Among the potential countermeasures, a large fiscal package is being discussed that is expected to strengthen domestic demand. How Germany responds to the threat of recession will be important for Poland and its economy due to strong trade links with its western neighbour.

2019-08-28 - Bulletin

Maciej Pawłowski

The Role of Unidas Podemos in the Formation of the Next Spanish Government

On 23 and 25 of July, the Spanish parliament failed to pass a vote of confidence in the Pedro Sánchez minority Socialist government. The main reason was the lack of support from left-wing Unidas Podemos (UP) and regional parties. A crucial agreement with UP is still possible. No deal will lead to political instability and collaboration between UP and separatist parties. However, UP is against euro-atlantic cooperation. For this reason, its participation in the government may make Spain’s relations with the EU and NATO more difficult.

2019-08-28 - Comment

Damian Wnukowski

G7 Summit in France - Acceptance of Differences

The G7 summit in Biarritz, France (24-26 August), ended with a short and general statement indicating only a few issues on which the members of the group agree. This shows that they have accepted significant differences between them, e.g., in international trade or climate policy. It also indicates the increasingly limited possibilities of the G7’s impact on global affairs.

2019-08-27 - Bulletin

Justyna Szczudlik

"New Era" in China's Defence Policy

In July, China published its first defence policy white paper since 2015. The document is a response to similar documents by the U.S. and its growing engagement in Asia and confrontational policy towards China. Compared to the previous white paper, which introduced a new definition of security and the “active defence” of overseas interests, the new text focuses on a peaceful global order actively shaped by China and intended to contrast with its perspective of U.S. activities. However, the new focus does not mean China will not defend its “core interests”, which might be a challenge for NATO.