2019-12-11 - Comment

Agnieszka Legucka, Daniel Szeligowski

The Normandy Format Summit - No Real Progress

The Normandy Format (Ukraine, Russia, Germany, France) summit, held in Paris on 9 December for the first time since 2016, did not bring any breakthrough in the negotiations regarding settling the situation in Donbas. The Russian authorities still lack the political will necessary to end the conflict.   

2019-12-10 - Bulletin

Damian Wnukowski

ASEAN Countries' Approach to the Belt and Road Initiative

The countries of the ASEAN differ in their approach to the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), ranging from involvement or conditional support to scepticism. Although the initiative is a response to the region’s infrastructure needs, it can also serve China’s aim to politically split ASEAN. Because of the growing influence of China, ASEAN countries may be interested in a counteroffer from, for example, the U.S., Japan, or the EU. 

2019-12-09 - Bulletin

Marek Wąsiński

COP25 Climate Summit in Madrid: A Bad Climate Forecast

Most of the rules for the functioning of the international climate protection system were established at last year’s COP24 climate summit in Katowice. The goal of COP25, which began in Madrid, on 2 December, is to complete the negotiations. Despite the need for swift action to protect the climate, countries are not willing to declare new ambitious greenhouse gas emission (GHG) reduction targets. 

2019-12-06 - Bulletin

Anna Maria Dyner

Security Challenges in Relations between Poland and Belarus

The collapse of the security system in Europe as a result of Russia’s aggression against Ukraine has particularly affected Belarus. The country fears the growing tensions between Russia and NATO that have been exacerbated, among others, by the termination of the INF regime and the strengthening of both the Alliance’s Eastern Flank and Russia’s Western Military District. Although Poland and Belarus have partly different security interests that pose a challenge in bilateral relations, the countries have the potential to cooperate in this sphere. 

2019-12-06 - Comment

Artur Kacprzyk

NATO Leaders Meeting in London

The meeting of NATO heads of state and government in London on 3-4 December confirmed that on its 70th anniversary, the Alliance is still fundamentally important to its members. The Allies managed to overcome political tensions, related mostly to remarks by the presidents of the U.S., France, and Turkey, and adopt a joint declaration on further NATO adaptation to current threats and challenges. At the same time, divisions within the Alliance remain visible and may eventually weaken the implementation of the London decisions.